Commands

The app/Commands folder should contain your application's Artisan commands. By default, it provides app/Commands/InspiringCommand.php as an example command:

namespace App\Commands;

use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;
use LaravelZero\Framework\Commands\Command;

class InspiringCommand extends Command
{
    /**
     * The signature of the command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'inspiring {name=Artisan}';

    /**
     * The description of the command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Display an inspiring quote';

    /**
     * Execute the console command.
     *
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        $this->info('Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.');
    }

    /**
     * Define the command's schedule.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule $schedule
     * @return void
     */
    public function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
    {
        // $schedule->command(static::class)->everyMinute();
    }
}

Of course, you can always create a new command using the make:command Artisan command:

php <your-app-name> make:command <NewCommand>

The signature property should contain the definition of the input expectations. This is the place to define how to gather input from the user through arguments or options:

 protected $signature = 'user:create
                        {name : The name of the user (required)}
                        {--age= : The age of the user (optional)}'

For more information, check out the Defining Input Expectations on the Laravel Documentation.

The description property should contain one line description of your command's job. Later, this description is used on the application list of commands.

The handle method is the place where the logic of your command should be. This method will be called when your command is executed. Note that we are able to inject any dependencies we need into the handle method:

public function handle(Service $service)
{
    $service->execute('foo');

    $this->info('Operation executed');
}

The Command I/O topic in the Laravel Documentation, can help you to understand how to capture those input expectations and interact with the user using commands like line, info, comment, question and error methods.

The schedule method allows to define the command's schedule. Please head over to the topic Task Scheduling to find more information about this method.